Mocking with Golang


Writing unit tests are vital and ensures the integrity of your code. But sometimes it is  hard to write tests for code that references external dependencies. That is where Go makes mocking such services easy.

The core idea is to create the interface with one or more of the methods from the original package struct.

For example, I wrote a wrapper SFTP package  to create SFTP connections and download/upload files.


Inorder to test this package, rather than downloading and uploading files to an actual SFTP server, I used  mocking so it would still test the flow of the package.


First define an interface so we can mock the sftphelper.SFTPConnection struct:

type SftpConnector interface {
	RemoveFile(string) error

Write the mock struct using the interface

type FakeSftpConnector struct {
// make sure it satisfies the interface
var _ SftpConnector = (*FakeSftpConnector)(nil)

func (f *FakeSftpConnector) RemoveFile(source string) error {

Update your function that takes the sftphelper.SFTPConnection struct function to take the new interface instead

In your test code, you can send in the fake struct instead and make assertions on the inputs after calling the target function

func TestProcessInnerFiles(t *testing.T) {
	tt := &FakeSftpConnector{}
	err := processInnerFiles(tt, "/home/ftptest/feed_20160912/", "IN7994_20160715.json")
	if err != nil {
		t.Errorf("Error was not expected in processInnerFiles: %s", err)



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